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Ransomware Attacks – 3 Most Common Types of Attacks

types of ransomware attacks

Here is a list of some of the most common types of ransomware attacks. You need to understand the different types or ransomware attacks that hackers use because ransomware attacks are becoming very common.

types of ransomware attacks
Credit: Christiaan Colen / Flickr

What is Ransomware?

Ransomware is a new form of attack. Typically, criminals manage to gain remote access to a device. Once they can control the computer, they then lock it and hold it for ransom. They then demand that you pay them to regain access to your computer.

Ransomware attacks succeed because the attackers usually choose their targets very carefully. For example, the attackers may go for the typical corporate types. Once they gain access to a computer that you use for critical tasks, they know that you will not afford to lose all your data. Therefore, you are likely to comply with their demands when you use your computer for very important tasks.

Why is Ransomware important?

Incidents of ransomware attacks have been increasingly considerably over the recent past. There are several reasons for this. The first one is that many people do not know how to behave when they are under attack. The second one it that many people thinks that it is easier to pay the money that the attackers demand rather than losing their data. Therefore, fear and ignorance among people embolden attackers to launch more ransomware attacks.

Read More: 7 Common Malware Types Today

Common types of Ransomware attacks

There are different types of attacks. However, some are more common than others. Here is a list of some of the most common types of ransomware attacks that you should watch out for:


Reveton was introduced in 2012. This ransomware sends a warning that is supposed to emanate from a known law enforcement agency. The warning will claim that the victim is guilty of child pornography or has broken the Copyrights law of some company when he or she downloaded unlicensed software.

Hackers to present the attack as legitimate from a law enforcement agency. To achieve this, the hackers require that the user pays a fine via anonymous prepaid service like Ukash. The hackers also display their IP address to convince victims of the attack the credibility of their claims.


CryptoLocker was launched in 2013. It is used to encrypt some important files by using some file extensions. The hackers threaten to delete the private keys of a victim if he or she refuses to make payment of some bitcoins or cash voucher within a few days after the infection. The key size of this ransomware was so large that analysts said that it is very difficult to repair. After the expiration of the given deadline, you can obtain the private key using a specific online tool. This will cost you thousands of dollars in payment.


CryptoWall is used to target and harm several websites. It was attached to a malvertising program. To give the scam a sense of publicity, the ads will redirect its victims to malicious websites. You can download the given payload from these sites by using a browser plug-in. The attackers created a particular payload with JavaScript and used it to download executable files that are disguised as legitimate jpg images. This makes it easy for the ransomware to avoid detection.

As part of its evasion plans, the malware will create some instances of some executable files such as svchost.exe or explorer.exe to ease communication with its remote servers. It will also delete shadow copies while it encrypts files.

The latest version of this ransomware encrypts both the file names and the data in the files. This makes it difficult for an antivirus program to detect the malware easily.

Read More: 6 Future Trends in Cyber Attacks to Take Care Of

What you need to do

Remember that you will continue experiencing ransomware attacks shortly. Attackers will use different types of ransomware attacks against you. All you need to do is to appropriately act when you become a victim of any of these types of attacks. You need to understand the specific type of attack. It is only after you know the type of attack that you will be able to act in the most appropriate way.

In conclusion, Cryptowall, Reveton and Cryptolocker are some of the most common types of ransomware attacks. These attacks have specific features that make them effective in different ways. Once you understand their nature, you will find it easy to protect yourself.

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