Here is a list of some of the most common types of ransomware attacks. You need to understand the different types or ransomware attacks that hackers use because ransomware attacks are becoming very common.
What is Ransomware?
Ransomware is a new form of attack. Typically, criminals manage to gain remote access to a device. Once they can control the computer, they then lock it and hold it for ransom. They then demand that you pay them to regain access to your computer.
Ransomware attacks succeed because the attackers usually choose their targets very carefully. For example, the attackers may go for the typical corporate types. Once they gain access to a computer that you use for critical tasks, they know that you will not afford to lose all your data. Therefore, you are likely to comply with their demands when you use your computer for very important tasks.
Why is Ransomware important?
Incidents of ransomware attacks have been increasingly considerably over the recent past. There are several reasons for this. The first one is that many people do not know how to behave when they are under attack. The second one it that many people thinks that it is easier to pay the money that the attackers demand rather than losing their data. Therefore, fear and ignorance among people embolden attackers to launch more ransomware attacks.
Read More: 7 Common Malware Types Today
Common types of Ransomware attacks
There are different types of attacks. However, some are more common than others. Here is a list of some of the most common types of ransomware attacks that you should watch out for:
Reveton was introduced in 2012. This ransomware sends a warning that is supposed to emanate from a known law enforcement agency. The warning will claim that the victim is guilty of child pornography or has broken the Copyrights law of some company when he or she downloaded unlicensed software.
Hackers to present the attack as legitimate from a law enforcement agency. To achieve this, the hackers require that the user pays a fine via anonymous prepaid service like Ukash. The hackers also display their IP address to convince victims of the attack the credibility of their claims.
CryptoLocker was launched in 2013. It is used to encrypt some important files by using some file extensions. The hackers threaten to delete the private keys of a victim if he or she refuses to make payment of some bitcoins or cash voucher within a few days after the infection. The key size of this ransomware was so large that analysts said that it is very difficult to repair. After the expiration of the given deadline, you can obtain the private key using a specific online tool. This will cost you thousands of dollars in payment.
As part of its evasion plans, the malware will create some instances of some executable files such as svchost.exe or explorer.exe to ease communication with its remote servers. It will also delete shadow copies while it encrypts files.
The latest version of this ransomware encrypts both the file names and the data in the files. This makes it difficult for an antivirus program to detect the malware easily.
What you need to do
Remember that you will continue experiencing ransomware attacks shortly. Attackers will use different types of ransomware attacks against you. All you need to do is to appropriately act when you become a victim of any of these types of attacks. You need to understand the specific type of attack. It is only after you know the type of attack that you will be able to act in the most appropriate way.
In conclusion, Cryptowall, Reveton and Cryptolocker are some of the most common types of ransomware attacks. These attacks have specific features that make them effective in different ways. Once you understand their nature, you will find it easy to protect yourself.