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6 Most Common Types of Website Attacks Used by Hackers

With the number of websites constantly increasing, cyber criminals are always targeting different types of websites. Criminals seek to hack into websites so that they can access the confidential data of users that websites store. Here are six most common types of website attacks:

common types of website attacks
Credit: medithIT / Flickr
  1. Botnet attacks

Not all botnets are malicious in nature. In fact, botnets are used to carry our different functions. A common example is the way Google uses special bots to constantly scan different websites and determine how useful the websites are.

However, cybercriminals also use botnets to disrupt networks and even cripple websites. A common form of botnet attack involves criminals attempting to hijack a computer and use it carry out specific automated functions. Cybercriminals attempt to send specific bots to a network of computers to achieve this objective.

  1. Shellshock attacks

Cyber criminals are increasingly carrying out Shellshock attacks. These attacks are based on specific weaknesses in network systems. Nowadays, criminals are taking advantage of the particular network weaknesses to send special types of malware programs to computers.

Once the malware programs gain control over the computers, they help the criminals to control the computers remotely. Hackers can then use computers to send a specific type of malware to other computers. Alternatively, hackers can use the computers which they control to send spam messages to other users.

Several factors contribute to the rising popularity of Shellshock attacks. The most common one is that many people fail to upgrade their security systems continually. Using outdated antivirus and other anti-malware programs puts you at risk. Second, many people are nowadays using smart devices. As much as smart devices help to make life easy; they remain vulnerable to hacking attacks. In this case, criminals can exploit network weaknesses and launch Shellshock attacks on smart devices.

  1. Distributed Denial of Service Attacks (DDOS)

Denial of Service attacks remains one of the most common types of website attacks. In practice, attackers usually hijack a large number of computers using special malware programs. They then command the computers to send an abnormally large number of requests to a single server. The server, under the weight of large traffic, usually fails to respond. When the server fails to respond, legitimate users cannot access it, hence the name, Denial of Service attacks.

  1. Brute force attacks

Attackers who use this form of attack have very sophisticated programs that they use to guess passwords. The programs automatically generate millions of different log in combinations at a time. Attackers, they direct the program on specific websites as a way of trying to hack into some user accounts.

By its nature, a brute force attack is easy to detect. Once you see multiple login attempts on your system, know that you are under this type of attack. Hence is easy to protect yourself against brute force attacks. For example, you can configure your system to lock accounts when it detects multiple login attempts automatically. Also, you can limit the number and type of IP addresses that can log into your accounts. These easy steps can go a long way in protecting you against brute force attacks.

  1. Browser attacks

Cyber criminals use browser attacks to target individuals. They usually use malware which looks like genuine software. Unsuspecting users can then download and install the software on their devices. The malicious software then becomes active and starts to destroy documents and other forms of data in the device.

You can protect yourself against browser attacks by always updating your browser. All browsers have built-in security features. You have to update your browser whenever you are prompted to do so. This will help you to have the most advanced security features.

Also, you may consider downloading and installing specific security features for your browser. There are many browser extensions for different purposes. For example, we have browser extensions that work to detect and deter spyware and adware. All these extensions help to improve your security.

  1. SSL Attacks

Encrypted data should be fully secure. However, attackers developed new tools that they use to attack encrypted data. Although SSL attacks are rare, they still pose a danger to your website and cyber security in general. Hackers usually exploit specific weaknesses in encryption protocols. They then manage to hack into encrypted systems and retrieve data.

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6 Most Common Types of Website Attacks Used by Hackers